Purpose: Radiosynoviorthesis (RSO) using the intraarticular application of beta-particle emitting radiocolloids has for dec- ades been used for the local treatment of inflammatory joint diseases. The injected radiopharmaceuticals are phagocytized by the superficial macrophages of the synovial membrane, resulting in sclerosis and fibrosis of the formerly inflamed tissue, finally leading to reduced joint effusion and alleviation of joint pain.
Methods: The European Association of Nuclear Medicine (EANM) has written and approved these guidelines in tight col- laboration with an international team of clinical experts, including rheumatologists. Besides clinical and procedural aspects, different national legislative issues, dosimetric considerations, possible complications, and side effects are addressed.
Conclusion: These guidelines will assist nuclear medicine physicians in performing radiosynoviorthesis. Since there are differences regarding the radiopharmaceuticals approved for RSO and the official indications between several European countries, this guideline can only give a framework that must be adopted individually.
Download the whole guideline here: https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s00259-021-05541-7.pdf?error=cookies_not_supported&code=6fb68aaa-efce-49bc-90d1-c3062b7d9330